Winter 2012

Winter 2012 Journal

How Can Differentiating Between Types of Alcohol Dependence Lead to Better Treatment Strategies?

Afflicting 4% of the population worldwide, alcohol dependence is characterized by a sustained period of heavy alcohol use that leads to tolerance and results in withdrawal when consumption is stopped (1).

The Mammalian Diving Reflex

On a cold September night in Colorado, 21-month-old Gore Otteson fell into a freezing river. When his family pulled him out, he was unconscious, his heart had stopped, and he was no longer breathing.

The Threats of Overfishing: Consequences at the Commercial Level

According to marine ecologists, overfishing is the greatest threat to ocean ecosystems today (1). Overfishing occurs because fish are captured at a faster rate than they can reproduce (2).

The Decline of Reefs: Effects of Increased Carbon Emissions on Coral Ecosystems

Often coined the rainforests of the sea, coral reefs are one of the planet’s most diverse ecosystems. Though they only cover between 260,000 and 600,000 square kilometers (less than 1% of the Earth’s surface), they house approximately one-third to one-fourth of all marine species.

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